European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) Credit Allocation

ECTS is a learner-centered system for credit accumulation and transfer based on the transparency of learning outcomes and learning processes. It aims to facilitate planning, delivery, evaluation, recognition and validation of qualifications and units of learning as well as student mobility. ECTS is widely used in formal higher education and can be applied to other lifelong learning activities.

ECTS credits are based on the workload students need in order to achieve the expected learning outcomes. Learning outcomes describe what a learner is expected to know, understand and be able to do after the successful completion of the learning process. These learning outcomes relate to the level descriptors in the National and European Qualifications Framework.

Workload indicates the time students typically need to complete all learning activities (such as lectures, project work, self-study, and examinations) required to achieve the expected learning outcomes”.

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About the Credit System

The credit system used in the higher education system is based on class hours (i.e. theoretical or practical hours per week). 1.0 credit stands for each hour of lecture a week. The current credit system allocates a predetermined number of credit hours for courses. Most universities have converted their credit transfer systems to ECTS credits. This way, they could participate in such EU programs as SOCRATES-ERASMUS.

Bachelor’s level programs consist of 240 ECTS, while two-year Associate’s level programs consist of 120 ECTS. 

Graduate level of study consists of master’s degree and PhD/Doctorate Degree programs. There are two types of master’s programs: with or without a thesis. 

The Master’s programs with a thesis have 120 ECTS and consist of a minimum of seven courses, one seminar course, and a thesis. The seminar course and thesis are non-credit and graded on a pass/fail basis. Non-thesis master’s programs have 90 ECTS and consist of a minimum of 10 courses and a non-credit semester project. The semester project is graded on a pass/fail basis. 

PhD programs have 240 ECTS and consist of a minimum of seven courses, passing a qualifying examination, preparing and defending a doctoral dissertation. 

For Erasmus Exchange Students

Erasmus exchange students should consider only the ECTS credits. The normal workload for a semester is 30 ECTS credits. 

Restrictions, special conditions or prerequisites for courses do not apply to international exchange students. You must instead get the approval of your Department Erasmus Coordinator. It is especially important that you consult with your Department Erasmus Coordinator prior to course selection.